By Stanley Gunstream
Anatomy and body structure : With built-in examine consultant 4TH variation by way of Stanley E. Gunstream. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company,2010
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Additional resources for Anatomy & Physiology with Integrated Study Guide, Fourth Edition
3 Atomic Characteristics of the Common Elements in the Body Element Symbol Protons* Neutrons Atomic Weight** Electrons in Valence Shell Hydrogen H 1 0 1 1 Carbon C 6 6 12 4 Nitrogen N 7 7 14 5 Oxygen O 8 8 16 6 Sodium Na 11 12 23 1 Magnesium Mg 12 12 24 2 Phosphorus P 15 16 31 5 Sulfur S 16 16 32 6 Chlorine Cl 17 18 35 7 Potassium K 19 20 39 1 Calcium Ca 20 20 40 2 *Number of protons ϭ number of electrons ϭ atomic number **Isotopes not included. qxd 10/23/08 5:49 PM Page 27 Part 1 same chemical properties because they have the same number of protons and electrons.
Organic compounds contain both carbon and hydrogen. 2. Water (H2O) is the most abundant inorganic compound in the body, and it is the solvent of living systems. 3. There are two major water compartments: intracellular fluid (65% of body water) and extracellular fluid (35% of body water). 4. An acid releases Hϩ in an aqueous solution, and a base releases OHϪ in an aqueous solution. 5. A salt releases positively and negatively charged ions in an aqueous solution, but they are neither Hϩ nor OHϪ. 6.
1. An atom is electrically neutral because it has the same number of protons as electrons, although the number of neutrons may vary. 2 summarizes the characteristics of subatomic particles. The atoms of each element are characterized by a specific atomic number, symbol, and atomic weight. These characteristics are used to identify the element. The atomic number indicates the number of protons and also the number of electrons in each atom. The symbol is a shorthand way of referring to an element or to an atom of the element.
Anatomy & Physiology with Integrated Study Guide, Fourth Edition by Stanley Gunstream