By Mauk Mulder (auth.), B. van Rootselaar (eds.)
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Additional info for Annals of Systems Research: Publikatie van de Systeemgroep Nederland Publication of the Netherlands Society for Systems Research
In the cases we would expect a componential external transformation, this transformation TRANSFORMATION IN SI-MODEL OF GUILFORD 43 is better described as a componential internal transformation if the relational structure with and within the environment is very loose, or as a relational transformation with the environment as a part of the system when the relational structure with and within the environment is rather stable. In the typology developed thus far nine types of transformations can be distinguished that can be named and summarized as follows: I Integration (internal, relational, additive): There is a component system, in which the relations increase in number or strength.
In some cases there is a corresponding change in the relational pattern, but as far as this change is mainly governed by the addition or subtraction of components we will not speak of a relational transformation. In a relational transformation, there can be an increase, a decrease, or a constancy as to the number of actual relations involved. The same holds for the number of components involved in a componential transformation. By generalizing these distinctions we can distinguish between additive, reductive, and substitutive transformations, in which components or relations have been added, subtracted and substituted, respectively.
The quantity ap is a proportionality factor. 6) has been introduced because it is assumed that the effort to reduce the birth rate shows saturation effects. Twice the effort does not mean that the result is twice as large. Of course many other possibilities exist to let a' Up' CI· F6 act on P; for instance it might be possible to influence the death rate as well. This has not been done here. ; it follows that only the possibility of reduction of the birth rate has been considered. It is tacitly assumed that an increase of the birth rate would make the value of the criterion, to be defined in section 5, much lower instead of higher and hence it does not occur.
Annals of Systems Research: Publikatie van de Systeemgroep Nederland Publication of the Netherlands Society for Systems Research by Mauk Mulder (auth.), B. van Rootselaar (eds.)